Tuesday, 3 November 2015

FinTech patents: where finance meets technology

Prepared with
Relecura
There is substantial interest in the financial technology ('FinTech') sector, at a time when the financial services sector is generally experiencing considerable churn. Several start-ups and newer companies are challenging the incumbents, using digital platforms to deliver products and services more efficiently and employing better business models.  

The chart below shows an overview of the top FinTech patent holders, along with their filing trends.
FinTech patents: top holders
Source: Relecura
Given that FinTech lies at the intersection of finance and technology, these are the logical axes along which to segment the patents. Some commonly accepted FinTech categories are based on the financial product or service addressed. Six of these financial categories are payments, banking, wealth management, capital markets, insurance and lending, and FinTech patents can be analysed using these categories.
An alternative partitioning of FinTech patents based on the technologies covered is also useful, since it gives a different axis to view the FinTech patent superset. Some major technology categories that enable FinTech are data and analytics, the Internet of Things, mobile platforms, security, cloud computing and cryptocurrency.
A matrix map of the patents along the two axes can easily locate key patent holders along each axis, as well on the intersection nodes.
FinTech patents: intersection of financial and technology categories
The numbers at each node indicate the intersection counts along with the key patent holders.
Partitioning a large portfolio such as the FinTech patent set using multiple sets of criteria (eg, financial and technology categories) and identifying their interactions can be a time-consuming task without an appropriate analysis tool. However, with features such as collaborative tagging and automapping of bucketing criteria available in the present generation of IP analysis tools, large patent sets may be quickly and accurately partitioned and analysed much more quickly.
Assignee topic map showing patent holdings of each financial category
Bubble proximity indicates similarity of patent portfolios, while the size indicates size of holdings.
The top 10 is very different across the various lines of business.

FinTech patents: top 10 (financial categories, ranked by number of equivalents held)
[if this table cannot be read clearly on your device, you can read it by clicking here]

Rank
Payment
Banking
Wealth management
Capital market
Insurance
Lending
1
VISA
OKI
CHICAGO MERCANTILE EXCHANGE
CHICAGO MERCANTILE EXCHANGE
THE HARTFORD
SHINHAN BANK
2
HITACHI
HITACHI
SHINHAN BANK
HITACHI
USAA
BIZMODELINE
3
MASTERCARD
SHINHAN BANK
JPMORGAN CHASE
DAIWA SECURITIES GROUP INC
HITACHI
BANK OF AMERICA
4
EBAY
BANK OF AMERICA
GOLDMAN SACHS
GOLDMAN SACHS
ACCENTURE
JPMORGAN CHASE
5
OKI
BIZMODELINE CO LTD
BANK OF AMERICA
JPMORGAN CHASE
SWISS RE
FANNIE MAE
6
BANK OF AMERICA
FUJITSU
HITACHI
TRADING TECH INT INC
GOLDMAN SACHS
WOORIBANK
7
SONY
VISA
MORGAN STANLEY
FUJITSU
IBM
HITACHI
8
BIZMODELINE CO LTD
JPMORGAN CHASE
DAIWA SECURITIES GROUP INC
MUFG
TOKIO MARINE
MUFG
9
FIRST DATA
MUFG
ACCENTURE
CFPH LLC
STATE FARM
CAPITAL ONE
10
DIEBOLD
NEC
BIZMODELINE
ITG SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS INC
BANK OF AMERICA/ THE TRAVELERS COMPANIES
GE


Relecura's IP intelligence report, "FinTech - An IP perspective", points to the quality of these patents. It also identifies the top companies citing patents, filing trends and heavily cited key patents.
FinTech patents: top holders – Relecura star rating and counts
Key findings
The key findings of the study are as follows:
  • Visa, Bank of America and Hitachi, followed by Shinhan Bank and Bizmodeline, are the top FinTech patent holders.
  • FinTech patents are distributed among a wide range of patent holders. The top 200 patent holders constitute only 39% of the total.
  • The patent holders are from a range sectors, including pure-play FinTech or financial institutions, banks, telecoms companies, software companies, IP commercialisation entities and e-commerce firms.
Fintech is an active sector in terms of both patent filings and patent transactions.
Murari Venkataraman of Relecura assisted in the preparation of this piece, which was posted last week as an IAM Industry Report, here.

1 comment:

  1. The conclusion, "Fintech is an active sector in terms of both patent filings and patent transactions", is all very well -- but I don't get any sense as to what "active" means here. Is it productively active or just the product of twitches and reflexes? A headless chicken is also active but I wouldn't be investing my pension in one.

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